French composer and organist Leon Boellmann's life wasn't long. He got his musical education in Paris school of music and religion. After leaving the school he worked as an organist in St. Vincent de Paul Cathedral in Paris and wrote some symphonies, other orchestral works and a lot of compositions for Organ, among which the most distinguished is Gothic Suite, created in 1895.
Gennady Banshchikov belongs to a number of St. Petersburg eminent composers of middle generation. He wrote three operas, ballet, four symphonies, choral cantatas, chamber compositions for different instruments, among which are three sonatas for bayan. Sonata No. 1 written in 1977 is dedicated to its first performer Oleg Sharov.
The greatest modern composer Sofia Gubaidulina was born in 1931 in the town of Chistopol situated near Kazan. She got her musical education in the Kazan and the Moscow Conservatoires as a pianist and a composer. Among a great number of S. Gubaidulina's works are «Schtimmen... ver schtummen...», «Hallelujah», «Ofertorium» symphonies, «Night in Memphis», «Rubayat» cantatas, works for different ensembles, solo instruments. She wrote «De profundis» (1978), specially for bayan, «The Seven Last Words» partita for bayan, cello and chamber orchestra (1982), Sonata in five parts «Et exspecto» (1986), «Silenzio» for bayan, violin and cello (1991).
«De profundis» is S. Gubaidulina's first work for bayan, dedicated to its first performer Friedrich Lips. The idea of the creation originated from the religious psalm «Out of the depth have I called Thee, O Lord».
Not only in every episode, but in the whole work from the beginning up to the end the listener can follow the musical texture direction from the low register up to the high one. As it is typical of S. Gubaidulina's works, pure lightened choral is opposed to cluster chords.
The depth of the conception and artistic depth have caused the appearance of this work among the most distinguished in chamber-instrumental music.
Piano cycle «Pictures at an Exhibition» was written by the great Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky in 1874 as a response to his closest friend, talented painter V. Hartman's death. At V. Stasov's initiative a posthumorous exhibition of the painter's sketches was organized. The composer was much impressed by them and reflected some in music, considerably enlarging and enriching their content. The ten parts of this cycle follow a small introductory piece «Promenade», which though a little changed also sounds among the separate movements of the cycle, uniting them into an artistic whole.
Friedrich Lips was born in 1948 in the Urals small miner town of Emanzhelinsk of the Chelyabinsk region. In 1967 he left the Magnitogorsk musical college (class of E. Kudinov), in 1972 graduated from the Gnessin Pedagogical Institute of Music in Moscow (prof. S. Kolobkov's class), up to 1974 was an assistant-probationer of the Institute. Friedrich Lips has been working at the Gnessin Pedagogical Institute as a pedagogue of Folk Instruments Department (in 1989 Lips became a professor). He is a laureate of International Competition in Klingenthal (GDR, 1969, the first prize), Merited Artist of RSFSR (1982). The artist toured such countries as France and Spain, Italy and Austria, the USA and Japan, Holland and Germany, Switzerland, Japan, Norway, Denmark and many others.
The artist performed with the best orchestras and famous conductors: G. Rozhdestvensky, O. Agarkov, D. Hoose (USA), Yu. Takakhashi (Japan), L. Plaff (France), V. Spivakov, T. Mynbaev, Yu. Nikolaevsky. He was the first to perform works of such composers as Evgeni Derbenko, Sofia Gubaidulina, V. Zolotarev, K. Volkov, A. Zhurbin, V. Podgorny, V. Belyaev and others, which were dedicated to him.
He is the author of «The Bayan Performance Art» work («Musyka» Publishing House, 1985), which was translated into German and edited in «Intermusik Schmulling». To his pen belong a number of articles on bayan performance art theory, a great deal of organ and piano works transcriptions for bayan. He is an initiator and compiler of Bayan Literature Anthology as well as of a number of series of concert repertoire for this instrument.
Friedrich Lips has educated a whole galaxy of bayanists, winners of All-Russian and International competitions, first class musicians. Among them are V. Muntyan, V. Dolgopolov, S. Naiko, P. Gerter, A. Kovtun, E. Seit-Abdulov, I. Kurtev, Yu. Prokhorov, A. Chernikov, I. Yarosh, Yu. Kalashnikov, V. Dubovik, V. Chugunov, pupils from other countries: M. Bonnay, K. Bonnay, J.L. Manca (France), B. Bjelic, S. Voljavec, S. Cvetic (Yugoslavia) and others.
One can see F. Lips as a member of juries at bayanists competitions, he leads and takes part in international seminars and pedagogical courses in Norway, Denmark, Poland, France.